Venice Hotels Articles

June 14, 2010

A Brief History of Venice

History of Venice says that Venice was founded on April 25 in 421 AD. It was the village of Torcello and not Venice that was very important during that time as it was the refugee ground for many people who fled from the barbarian invasions. Slowly Venice was built on a number of islands of a lagoon. They were connected by bridges.


According to the ancient history of Venice, the government formed was known as Doge government with the first doge being Orso Ipato in 726 AD. Commercialization began after 1000 AD when it was successful in defeating the pirates of the Adriatic Sea. It took part in the Crusades for a free Jerusalem.


The historical journey from Venice to China of the Venetian merchant Marco Polo took place during the Middle Ages (1271-95 AD). Venice was successful in gaining the position of a leader among the four sea powers of the Mediterranean Sea in 1348 AD. It conquered the island of Cyprus in 1489 AD.


Ghetto was founded for the first time in Venice in 1516 AD. In 1630 AD, Venice was attacked by a great plague. In 1790 AD, the Teatro La Fenice was founded and after 7 years in 1797 AD, the Venetian Republic called Repubblica Serenissima di Venezia got defeated in the hands of Napoleon.


With its defeat, Venice was incorporated into the Hapsburg Empire of Austria. A state of decline started after that as several palaces and buildings went into despair. In 1848 AD, the Venetians attempted to get Venice free from the Hapsburg Empire. Ultimately, in 1866 AD, Venice became a part of Italy.


The Second World War could not damage the city of Venice but a flood occurred in 1966 and made a heavy damage to the city. Today, it is one of the major tourist places of the world with well developed transport system like buses, water buses, car hire Venice service, etc.


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